Monday, November 23, 2009
So I finished all my work! I must say, I'm pretty proud of my final essays....I'm almost all packed and ready to go. I'll be spending the night at a friend's house tonight and tomorrow morning around 4:30 the bus will come and pick us up and 12 of us will be of on our 18 day adventure to the northern part of Mexico. I'm not exactly sure of all the places we are going to be visiting, but I know a few: both North and South Baja California, Tijuana for a 4 day conference on immigration, the largest salt mine in the world, a commercial vineyard and an artisan vineyard, a brewery, a few large agriculture operations and a national park. I can't wait, I worked so hard and now it's going to be time to relax! If I have access to internet I'll try to fill you in here and there on what we are doing. Talk to you soon!
Sunday, November 22, 2009
Oh my goodness, this is crazy.......I have been working sooooo extremely hard the past 3 weeks and I've just calculated that in these past few weeks I've cranked out +100 pages of essays (~16 short to loongg papers) and 6 power point presentations, all in Spanish of course!
Ahh.........my mind is filling up with too much academia; I need a change of pace. I need a few nights of great sleep, meditation, the outdoors, a vanilla cigar, a large glass of wine........ Soon this masochism (because I do enjoy it at the same time) will be over and I'll be off on an amazing road trip. I have to get everything done by tomorrow afternoon before I leave on an 18 day trip to the northern part of Mexico where I'll be happy to say I will not do one ounce of homework or be sitting in front of the computer like I have been doing for what seems like a short eternity;) Who knows how many hours I've just spent in front of the computer!
Well the great thing about this all is that I've completed my first graduate semester here en Chapingo and I've learned so much, I'm really looking forward to next semester. Ok, back to work!Painting: Antonio Ruíz, El sueño de la Malinche (“The Dream of Malinche”), 1939.
Right now I feel like la Malinche in this painting, with the weight of not Nueva Espana on top of me, but of books and books and books and books!
Saturday, November 21, 2009
I love this painting, because it's a perfect depiction of a dream I had almost a month ago. What a great example of what can happen if your let your thoughts influence you in an unhealthy way.
I came to the conclusion that this is what can happen to a person when they are in a completely new world where the issues are obviously unique to their own. I was having a difficult time processing everything because I wanted to understand everything now, and like with anything else, what I am experiencing here, the news, my education, new relationships etc., all have past histories that I am just beginning to familiarize myself with.
I began paint this dream of everything that was overwhelming me and taking over my mind, but then realized that I didn't really feel like painting something so ugly....
I have no voice
dried up rivers,
a society of mistrust,
ojeras under my eyes,
14 year old mothers,
patron saints everywhere!
Mexico's mountains made out of comida chatarra,
After this horrible dream I realized that I can do nothing about what I was experiencing except to not let it get to me and to make sure to also take the time to observe all the wonderful things that happen every day, to be patient with myself because I'm not going to learn and understand everything right now and to make my time here enjoyable and as stress-free as possible!
I'm glad that's all over and since then, I've made a much more peaceful creation out of a shoebox, feathers and a little statue. I'd have have say much better than a painting of my horrible nightmare!
Above Picture: Centeotl, Mexica/ Aztec Corn Goddess.
So I wasn't so sure before, or lets say, I didn’t know enough to know….but now I'm totally aware that Mexico's government is privatize the whole country and handing it over to big corporations. They've done away with various public institutions including the labor union and the company Luz y Fuerza, one of Mexico's largest unions (~4,000 employees) and public electricity provider and its national germplasm repository/seed bank among others. For years now, people here in Chapingo have been in fear that the school is next.... Mexico’s government seems to be following the 'America way of business', the privatization of everything.
And Monsanto is just loving it all! As of recently, Mexico, birthplace/cradle of maize, is now allowing its first planting of GMO corn crops in the northern part of the country....See ya 50+ criollo varieties that have been saved, improved and planted for over 300 generations of Mexican farm families. Corn, only the most sacred and important crop in the country.
A little side note: Mexico once provided enough corn to feed its entire population was even exporting corn to other parts of the world but now it's importing +60% of its corn....from where? Take a wild guess.....
No national seed bank to go back to when all the GMO corn has contaminated every last corn stalk in the country by open pollination (something we can't control).....Don't worry! Monsanto has that covered! They just recently signed an agreement with Mexico's National Confederation of Corn Producers (CNPAMM), which is affiliated with the umbrella agriculture association National Campensino Confederation (CNC), agreeing to "work together" to protect Mexico's indigenous maize varieties! Ahhh!!! Are you kidding?! This plan also includes the planning of GM corn seeds that will not sold commercially...BUT if all works out (and I'm sure it will the way things are going), the seeds could be grown commercially shortly. How beautifully this all fits together.
You know the ironic thing.....Most GM corn is modified to be resistant to European corn bores, an insect that doesn’t even exist in Mexico.
Lets not forget the two larges media companies in the country, Televisa (the largest media company in the Spanish-speaking world) and TV Azteca (once a public media source, privatized in 1993), and the influence Mexico's politicians have over these companies and what is transmitted to the Mexican people. Then there's the war on drugs that the national army heads...
What does this all mean........ complete militarization and privatization, the loss of all human rights.
A link about what happened Luz y Fuerza, sorry English speakers, this cartoon is in Spanish!
Friday, November 20, 2009
I painted this last summer, some of you have seen it, some of you haven't. This is a dream I had and painted over the winter at the farm and is a reflection of my identity.
It is an identity without political boundaries and lives somewhere between Mexico and the U.S.
The mid-ground, my childhood upbringing, a blend of Mexican and Midwest Wisconsin culture and influence,
The background, the influences in my life as a young woman:
Minneapolis, where I went to school and lived 5 years (biking everywhere of course!),
The pyramid of the moon in Teotihuacan, Mexico, where I live today and where my family and cultural roots are,
and el volcan Cotacachi in Ecuador, where I live for a year and found my passion of serving the community though all that is agriculture and community organizing.
I'll leave the rest to your imagination, I don't want to explain everything now do I? That's the great thing about art, the viewers are the ones whom interpret what it means for them.
A lot of Mexicans think of big John Deere tractors, large expansions of land and farm subsidies from the government when they think of U.S. farmers. They think that U.S. farmers have it made.....but its far from the reality. If it wasn't for those subsides that help them just barley cover costs or other off-farm family incomes, there would be no family farmer left, and it looks like the situation is getting worse.
Every year, the average farm income declines, but food prices keep going up....Where is all the money going? Farmers can't make it anymore, and things are only going to get worse, peak oil is just around the corner and what do most U.S. farmers depend on in their farming? Petroleum... for their inputs, for their tractors, for transportation etc., modern U.S. agriculture depends of petroleum. In the end, when you consider alllllll the costs and inputs for this type of agriculture, its highly inefficient. Whether we like it or not, we are going to have to change and if not, we will be the ones paying for it at the grocery store along with the thousand of family farm that won't be able to maintain a living for farming anymore.
Check it out-
2009 Farm Income Forecast
Farm Sector Income Is Forecast to Decline in 2009
Net farm income is forecast to be $54.0 billion in 2009, down $33.1 billion (38 percent) from the preliminary estimate of $87.1 billion for 2008. The 2009 forecast is $9.6 billion below the average of $63.6 billion in net farm income earned in the previous 10 years.
In 2009, crop prices have continued to decline and prices for livestock animals and products have experienced sharp declines. With economic conditions deteriorating worldwide, demand for exports has tailed off, with few options available to expand marketing elsewhere. Sharply declining demand in 2009 has forced farmers to accept prices that are lower than were expected earlier in the year when production plans were made.
On the input side, prices are also projected to be lower than in 2008, particularly for most manufactured inputs, feed, and services such as repairs or transportation. Overall, the reduction in gross income will far exceed the reduction in production costs, leaving all net measures of income and output below the record or near record levels established in 2008.
Average Farm Household Income Forecast Down in 2009
In 2009, average family farm household income is forecast to be $75,895, down 5.2 percent from 2008, and 8.0 percent below the five-year average for 2004-08. In 2009, the average family farm is forecast to receive 7.6 percent of its household income from farm sources, with the rest from earned and unearned off-farm income (unbelievable).
Thursday, November 19, 2009
Im doing my homework right now and I found an amazing quote! The author is addressing the indigenous communities of Mexico, but it applies to the communities of the whole world. I think its beautiful-
"Para los pueblos indios, la matriz de todos los demas derechos es la tierra (...). La concepcion indigena de la tierra es integral y humanisita. La tierra no es solamente el suelo. La tierra lo forman los animales y las plantas, los rios, las piedras, el aire y las aves; los seres humanos. La tierra tiene vida (...), los indios le debemos la vida a nuestra Madre, de ella somos. Nos da la existencia durante el rato que pasamos por este mundo y nos abre maternalmente sus entranas para recogernos, haciendonos parte integrante de ella nuevamente, con lo cual se nutre la existencia de las generaciones venideras. (...) La tierra, como nuestra Madre, no es susceptible de convertirse en propiedad privada, pues de lo contrario no podriamos asegurar el futuro colectivo de nuestros pueblos (Declaraicon de Tlahuitoltepec, Octubre de 1993. No9)
"For our native communities, the womb of all other rights is the earth (...). The indigenous concept of the earth is comprehensive and humanist. The earth is not just soil. The earth is made up of the animals and the plants, the rivers, stones, the air and birds; human beings. The earth is living (...), we the indigenous communities owe our lives to the Mother earth, we come from her. She gives us our existence for the short while that we are on this earth and then maternally she opens her entrails to receive us, newly making us an integral part of her, from which future generations nurture themselves. (...). The earth, as your Mother, is not susceptible in being converted into private property, on the contrary, we would not be able to ensure the collective future of our communities (Declaration of Tlahuitoltepec, October of 1993. No9)
Picture: A mountainous forest in the state of Tlaxcala, it looks like a painting, but its a photograph, one of the most beautiful things I've seen yet.